Proposed Constitutional Amendments-2018

FLORIDA AMENDMENT 1

ARTICLE VII, SECTION 6

ARTICLE XII, SECTION 37 
INCREASED HOMESTEAD PROPERTY TAX EXEMPTION.—Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to increase the homestead exemption by exempting the assessed valuation of homestead property greater than $100,000 and up to $125,000 for all levies other than school district levies. The amendment shall take effect January 1, 2019.[2]” 

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FLORIDA AMENDMENT 2

ARTICLE XII, SECTION 27 
LIMITATIONS ON PROPERTY TAX ASSESSMENTS.—Proposing an amendment to the State Constitution to permanently retain provisions currently in effect, which limit property tax assessment increases on specified non-homestead real property, except for school district taxes, to 10 percent each year. If approved, the amendment removes the scheduled repeal of such provisions in 2019 and shall take effect January 1, 2019. 

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FLORIDA AMENDMENT 3

Add New Section 29 to Article X 
VOTER CONTROL OF GAMBLING IN FLORIDA - This amendment ensures that Florida voters shall have the exclusive right to decide whether to authorize casino gambling by requiring that in order for casino gambling to be authorized under Florida law, it must be approved by Florida voters pursuant to Article XI, Section 3 of the Florida Constitution.  Affects articles X and XI. Defines casino gambling and clarifies that this amendment does not conflict with federal law regarding state/tribal compacts 

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FLORIDA AMENDMENT 4

Article VI, Section 4 
VOTING RESTORATION AMENDMENT - This amendment restores the voting rights of Floridians with felony convictions after they complete all terms of their sentence including parole or probation. The amendment would not apply to those convicted of murder or sexual offenses, who would continue to be permanently barred from voting unless the Governor and Cabinet vote to restore their voting rights on a case by case basis.

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FLORIDA AMENDMENT 5

Article VII, Section 19 
SUPERMAJORITY VOTE REQUIRED TO IMPOSE, AUTHORIZE, OR RAISE STATE TAXES OR FEES.—Prohibits the legislature from imposing, authorizing, or raising a state tax or fee except through legislation approved by a two-thirds vote of each house of the legislature in a bill containing no other subject. This proposal does not authorize a state tax or fee otherwise prohibited by the Constitution and does not apply to fees or taxes imposed or authorized to be imposed by a county, municipality, school board, or special district. 

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FLORIDA MARSY'S LAW CRIME VICTIMS RIGHTS, JUDICIAL RETIREMENT AGE, AND JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION OF LAWS AND RULES AMENDMENT

Article I, Section 16

Article V, Sections 8, 21

Article XII, New Section
RIGHTS OF CRIME VICTIMS; JUDGES.—Creates constitutional rights for victims of crime; requires courts to facilitate victims’ rights; authorizes victims to enforce their rights throughout criminal and juvenile justice processes. Requires judges and hearing officers to independently interpret statutes and rules rather than deferring to government agency’s interpretation. Raises mandatory retirement age of state judges from seventy to seventy-five years; deletes authorization for judges to complete term if one-half of term has been served by retirement age

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FLORIDA FIRST RESPONDER AND MILITARY MEMBER SURVIVOR BENEFITS, SUPERMAJORITY BOARD VOTES FOR COLLEGE FEES, AND STATE COLLEGE SYSTEM AMENDMENT

Article IX, Sections 7, 8

Article X, New Section 
FIRST RESPONDER AND MILITARY MEMBER SURVIVOR BENEFITS; PUBLIC COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES.—Creates mandatory payment of education and compensation benefits to qualifying survivors of certain first responders and military members who die performing official duties. Requires supermajority votes by university trustees and state university system board of governors to raise or impose all legislatively authorized fees if law requires approval by those bodies. Establishes existing state college system as constitutional entity; provides governance structure. 

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FLORIDA SCHOOL BOARD TERM LIMITS, ALLOW STATE TO OPERATE NON-BOARD ESTABLISHED SCHOOLS, AND CIVIC LITERACY AMENDMENT

Article IX, Section 4, New Section

Article XII, New Section 
SCHOOL BOARD TERM LIMITS AND DUTIES; PUBLIC SCHOOLS.—Creates a term limit of eight consecutive years for school board members and requires the legislature to provide for the promotion of civic literacy in public schools. Currently, district school boards have a constitutional duty to operate, control, and supervise all public schools. The amendment maintains a school board’s duties to public schools it establishes, but permits the state to operate, control, and supervise public schools not established by the school board. 

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FLORIDA BAN OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS DRILLING AND BAN VAPING IN CLOSED INDOOR WORKSPACES AMENDMENT

Article II, Section 7

Article X, Section 20 
PROHIBITS OFFSHORE OIL AND GAS DRILLING; PROHIBITS VAPING IN ENCLOSED INDOOR WORKPLACES.—Prohibits drilling for the exploration or extraction of oil and natural gas beneath all state-owned waters between the mean high water line and the state’s outermost territorial boundaries. Adds use of vapor-generating electronic devices to current prohibition of tobacco smoking in enclosed indoor workplaces with exceptions; permits more restrictive local ordinances. 

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FLORIDA STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE AMENDMENT

Article III, Section 3

Article IV, Sections 4, 11

Article VIII, Sections 1, 6 
STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT STRUCTURE AND OPERATION.—Requires legislature to retain department of veterans’ affairs. Ensures election of sheriffs, property appraisers, supervisors of elections, tax collectors, and clerks of court in all counties; removes county charters’ ability to abolish, change term, transfer duties, or eliminate election of these offices. Changes annual legislative session commencement date in even-numbered years from March to January; removes legislature’s authorization to fix another date. Creates office of domestic security and counter-terrorism within department of law enforcement.

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FLORIDA REPEAL PROHIBITION ON ALIENS' PROPERTY OWNERSHIP, DELETE OBSOLETE PROVISION ON HIGH-SPEED RAIL, AND REPEAL CRIMINAL STATUTES EFFECT ON PROSECUTION AMENDMENT

Article I, Section 2

Article X, Sections 9, 19 
PROPERTY RIGHTS; REMOVAL OF OBSOLETE PROVISION; CRIMINAL 70 STATUTES.—Removes discriminatory language related to real property rights. Removes obsolete language repealed by voters. Deletes provision that amendment of a criminal statute will not affect prosecution or penalties for a crime committed before the amendment; retains current provision allowing prosecution of a crime committed before the repeal of a criminal statute 

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FLORIDA LOBBYING RESTRICTIONS AMENDMENT

Article II, Section 8

Article V, Section 13

Article XII, New Section 
LOBBYING AND ABUSE OF OFFICE BY PUBLIC OFFICERS.—Expands current restrictions on lobbying for compensation by former public officers; creates restrictions on lobbying for compensation by currently serving public officers; provides exceptions; prohibits certain abuses of public office for personal benefit.

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FLORIDA BAN ON WAGERING ON DOG RACES AMENDMENT

Article X, New Section

Article XII, New Section 
ENDS DOG RACING.—Phases out commercial dog racing in connection with wagering by 2020. Other gaming activities are not affected.

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